Response of Red Chili (Capsicum anuuum L.) to Humic Acid Application in Dryland
Keywords:doses, growth, restricted water, yield
Red chili cultivation in dry land in an effort to increase production and productivity is constrained by the limited availability of water. The application of humic acid increases the ability of soils to retain restricted water and enhances plant growth and yield. This study aimed to investigate the response of red chili grown in dry land to the application of humic acid. Research place at the Teaching and Research Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, Jambi University. A Randomized Block Design with 5 replications was used in this study. The treated humic acid dose is 0 ton/ha, 2.5 ton/ha, 5 ton/ha, 7.5 ton/ha, and 10 ton/ha. Red chili gave a positive response to the application of humic acid by increasing plant height, number of branches, fruit number, and fruit weight. The dose of humic acid that gave the highest yield of 6.6 ton/ha was 5 ton/ha. This study was only able to provide a yield of 44.06% when compared to the potential yield of red chili.
Abourayya MS, Nabila EK, Thanaa SMM, Amal MR, Ramadan AE, Osama AA. 2020. Impact of soil application with humic acid and foliar spray of milargo bio-stimulant on vegetative growth and mineral nutrient uptake of Nonpareil almod young tress under Nubaria conditions. Bulletin of National Research Centre. 44 (38): 1–8. DOI: 10.1186/s42269-020-00296-x.
Al-Fraihat AJ, Al-Tabbal JA, Abu-Darwish MS, Alhrout HH, Hasan HS. 2018. Response of onion (Allium cepa) to foliar application of humic acid under rain-fed conditions. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 20 (5): 1235–1241. DOI: 10.17957/IJAB/15.0604.
Ampong K, Malinda ST, Linda YG. 2022. Understanding the role of humic acids on crop performance and soil health. Front. Agron. 4. DOI: 10.3389/fagro.2022.848621.
BPS. 2020. Distribution of Indonesian Red Chili Commodity Trade. 2020.
BPS and Directorate General of Horticulture. 2019. Big Chili Productivity by Province 2015-2019.
Canelass LP, Olivares FL. 2014. Physiological responses to humic substances as plant growth promoter. Chem. Biol.Technol. Agric. 1–3.
Chutia J, Borah SP. 2012. Water stress effects on leaf growth and chlorophyll content but not the grain yield in traditional rice (Oryza sativa Linn.) genotypes of Assam, India II. Protein and proline status in seedlings under PEG induced water stress. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 3: 971–980. DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.37115.
Daneshvar NHM, Mohsen K, Ali N, Farhad R. 2015. Effect of foliar appliacation of humic acid on growth, visual quality, nutrients content and root paramters of perennial rye grass (Loliumn perenne L.). Journal of Plant Nutrition. 38: 224–236. DOI: 10.1080/01904167.2014.939759.
Ekin Z. 2019. Integrated used of humic acid and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria to unsure higher potato productivity in sustainable agriculture. Sustainability. 11: 1–13. DOI: 10.3390/su11123417.
El-Sarkassy NM, Ibrahim SA, Desoky EM. 2017. Salinity stress amelioration using humic acid and mycorrhizae on pepper plants. Zagazig J.Agric.Res. 44 (6B): 2515–2527. DOI: 10.21608/ zjar.2017.51336.
Hameed A, Fatma S, Watoo JI, Yaseen M, Ahmad S. 2018. Accumulative effects of humic acid and multinutrient foliar fertilizers on the vegetative and reproductive attributes of citrus (Citrus reticulata cv kinnow mandarin). Journal of Plant Nutrition. 41 (19): 1–12. DOI: 10.1080/01904167.2018.1510506.
Hassan HH, Huthily KH, Mohsen KH. 2019. Effect of humic acid and silicon on some growth characteristics of maize (Zea mays L.). Basrah J. Agric.Sci. 32 (2): 23–32. DOI: 10.37077/25200860.2019.190.
Ichwan B, Suwignyo RA, Hayati R, Susilawati. 2017. Response of red chilli varieties under drought stress. Russ. J. Agric. Sosio-Economic Sci. 6 (66): 361–368. DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2017-06.43.
Ismail SM, Almarshadi MH. 2013. Effect of water distribution patterns on productivity, fruit quality and water use efficiency of Ziziphus jujube in arid regions under drip irrigation system. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment. 11: 373–378.
Moraditochaee M. 2012. Effects of humic acid foliar spraying and nitrogen fertilizer management on yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Iran. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 7: 289–293.
Noroozisharaf A, Kaviani M. 2018. Effect of soil application of humic acid on nutrients uptake, essensial oil and chemical compositions of garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) under greenhouse conditions. Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 24 (3): 423–431. DOI: 10.1007/s12298-018-0510-y.
Popescu GC, Popescu M. 2018. Yield, berry quality and physiological response of grapevine to foliar humic acid application. Bragantia Campinas. 77 (2): 273–282. DOI: 10.1590/1678-4499.2017030.
Sani B. 2014. Foliar application of humic acid on plant height in Canola. APCBEE. 8: 82–86. DOI: 10.1016/j.apcbee.2014.03.005.
Wahyuningsih E, Proklamaningsih, Dwiati M. 2016. Phosphorus uptake and soybean growth (Glycine max) on ultisol soil with humic acid application. Biosfera. 33 (2): 66–70. DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2016.33.2.34.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Budiyati Ichwan, Mukhsin Mukhsin, Eliyanti Eliyanti, Windasari Windasari
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.