The Activity of Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) at Plantation Forest in Ogan Komering Ilir Regency, South Sumatera

Authors

  • Tiara Wulandari Biology department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  • Arum Setiawan Biology department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  • Pandu Sapta Nugraha Environmental management department, Graduate program, Sriwijaya University, Palembang 30139, South Sumatra, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36706/jlso.11.1.2022.473

Keywords:

acacia, activities, long-tailed macaque

Abstract

Long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is a quite adaptive animal so it could be found in a diverse range of habitat types, one of the habitats is Plantation Forest on peatlands. This study aims to obtain the information about the activity of long-tailed macaque related to habitat utilization at Plantation The operational activities in the Plantation Forest can affect the activities of long-tailed macaque, changing of food sources, and they have a potential to attack the Acacia plants, so it’s necessary to do research about the activity of long-tailed macaque related to the habitat utilization at Plantation Forest and to acknowledge the types of plants used by long-tailed macaque for food and shelter. This research is a descriptive study and the data are obtained through a focal animal sampling method in April and May 2019 at the Plantation Forest in Sungai Penyabungan District, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency. The focal animal sampling method used at 7.00-17.00 WIB with using interval of 10 minutes. Based on the study, the long-tailed macaque used the active time to feed (24.60%), rest (25.58%), move (27.92%), and social activities (21.89%) included vocalization, agonistic, and grooming. The vegetation parts consumed by the long-tailed macaque are leaves (42.30%), fruits (34.62%), and flowers (23.08%). The vegetation used as food is Acacia crassicarpa, Melaleuca cajuputi, and Melastoma malabathricum. The plant that’s most often used as food and shelter is Acacia crassicarpa.


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Author Biography

Tiara Wulandari, Biology department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia

Departement of Environmental Management

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Published

2022-04-01

How to Cite

Wulandari, T., Setiawan, A., & Nugraha, P. S. (2022). The Activity of Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) at Plantation Forest in Ogan Komering Ilir Regency, South Sumatera. Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands, 11(1), 25–33. https://doi.org/10.36706/jlso.11.1.2022.473

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