Diversity of Plant Visiting Insects of Intercrop Lantana camara in Oil Palm Plantation
Keywords:diversity, insect, Lantana camara
Refugia plant flowers can be a support for biological pest control applications. Insects are visitors to flowering plants, especially the Lantana camara plant, which is interesting to study. This study aimed to determine the diversity of insects that visit flower plants planted among oil palm plants. This study used the Scan Sampling method or direct observation. Insects found in L. camara plants were collected and identified. The results showed that there were 11 species belonging to 11 families and 7 orders. The index value of the diversity of attack species from L. camara flower plants was low. Which means L. camara flowers are not attractive to insects. The species evenness index and dominance index ranged from 0.31-0.60 which means moderate dominance. The dominant insect found in L. camara flowers is Bothrogonia addita. In L. camara flower plants planted among oil palm plants, 11 species of arthropods belonging to 11 families and 7 orders were found. The 11 species are O. salticus, A. coquebertii, B. tabaci, B. addita, Componotus sp., H. itama, A. violae, C. gemmatus, I. elegans, A. crenulate, L. marginicollis. Insects that came to L. camara flowers in the morning were more than those that came in the afternoon with a successive number of 11 species, 268 individuals and 9 species, 141 individuals. The dominant insect found in L. camara flowers is B. addita.
Ademolu KO, Idowu AB, Olabode OA, Olalonye O, Adelabu AB, Atayese O. 2015. Effect of food plant sterilization on growth and nutritional value of adult Variegated Grasshopper Zonocerus variegatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae). Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences. 2 (4): 303–308.
Anggraini E, Anisa WN, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Suparman S, Suwandi S, Harun MU, Gunawan B. 2021. Phytophagous Insects and Predatory Arthropods in Soybean and Zinnia. Biodiversitas. 22 (3): 1405–1414. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220343.
Belamkar NV, Jadesh M. 2014. A Preliminary Study on Abundance and Diversity of Insect Fauna in Gulbarga District, Karnataka, India. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR). 3 (12): 1670-1675.
Culver M, Precious RM. 2018. Efficacy of lantana (Lantana camara) Rxtract application against phids (Brevicoryne brassicae) in Rape (Brassica napus) over varied periods of time. African Journal of Biotechnology. 17 (8): 249–254. DOI: 10.5897/ajb2017.16160.
Dash SS, Bag BG, Hota P. 2015. Lantana camara Linn Leaf Extract Mediated Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles and Study of its Catalytic Activity. Applied Nanoscience (Switzerland). 5: 343–350. DOI: 10.1007/s13204-014-0323-4.
Febrianti L, Windriyanti W, Rahmadhini N. 2021. Study of diversity and the role of insects in Longan Plants (Dimocarpus longan. L: Sapindaceae). In: Proceedings Seminar Nasional Agroekoteknologi. Indonesia p. 59–68.
Indahsari LIN, Meliyani, Azizah SN, Sulistyowati NY, Wulandari NS, Maulida M, Yuliandari, Hujjatusnaini N. 2022. Analysis of diversity and relationships of grasshoppers based on morphological characters in Palangkaraya City, Central Kalimantan. JSMARTech Journal of Smart Bioprospecting and Technology. 3 (1): 25-28. DOI: 10.21776/ub.jsmartech.2022.003.01.25.
Jamian S, Norhisham A, Ghazali A, Zakaria A, Azhar B. 2017. Impacts of two species of predatory reduviidae on bagworms in oil palm plantations. Insect Science. 24 (2): 285–294. DOI: 10.1111/1744-7917.12309.
Kamarudin N, Arshad O. 2016. Diversity and activity of insect natural enemies of the bagworm (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) rithin an oil palm plantation in Perak, Malaysia. Journal of Oil Palm Research. 28 (3): 296–307.
Karenina T, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y. 2020. Arboreal entomophagous arthropods of rice insect pests inhabiting adaptive vegetables and refugia in freshwater swamps of South Sumatra. Agrivita, 42 (2): 214–228. DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v0i0.2283.
Ramos-Pastrana Y, Virgüez-Díaz Y, Wolff M. 2018. Insects of Forensic Importance Associated to Cadaveric Decomposition in a Rural Area of the Andean Amazon, Caquetá, Colombia. Acta Amazonica. 48 (2): 126–136. DOI: 10.1590/1809-4392201701033.
Rashid Y, Hamid NH, Hamzah S, Mustapa MR. 2012. In Vivo and In Vitro Study of Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. Kurstaki in Controlling Metisa plana (Lepidoptera: Psychidae) in Oil Palm Plantation by Using Air Blast Spraying Technique. In: Proceedings Forth IOPRI-MPOB International Seminar Existing and Emerging Pests and Diseases of Oil Palm Advances in Research and Management 13-14 December 2012, Grand Royal Panghegar Hotel. Bandung, Indonesa p. 85-97.
Rizali A, Karindah S, Himawan T, Meiadi MLT, Rahardjo BT, Nurindah, Sahari B. 2019. Parasitoid wasp communities on oil palm plantation: Effects of natural habitat existence are obscured by lepidopteran abundance. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 22 (3): 903–907. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2019.07.012.
Roberts LA, Mooney AK, Medina TQ, Navarrete MJC, Moreno AG, Tabla ViP. 2015. Comparison of tree genotypic diversity and species diversity effects on different guilds of insect herbivores. Oikos. 124 (11): 1527–1535. DOI: 10.1111/oik.02033.
Sahid A, Natawigena WD, Hersanti, Sudarjat. 2018. Laboratory Rearing of Sycanus annulicornis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) on two species of prey: differences in its biology and efficiency as a predator of the nettle caterpillar pest setothosea asigna (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae). European Journal of Entomology. 115: 208–216. DOI: 10.14411/eje.2018.019.
Saleh A, Siregar AZ. 2017. Impact of natural enemies to leaf eating caterpillar population on oil palm in North Sumatra, Indonesia. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research. 6 (8): 189–192.
Sharma K, Meena N. 2019. Diversity of insect pollinators in coriander (Coriandrum sativum Linn.) VAR. ACR-1 Under Semi-Arid Region of RajasthaN. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 8 (2): 198–201.
Siregar EH, Atmowidi T, Kahono S. 2016. Diversity and abundance of insect pollinators in different agricultural lands in Jambi, Sumatera. Hayati Journal of Biosciences. 23: 13–17. DOI:10.1016/j.hjb.2015.11.002.
Sukphing C, Sehunae S. 2021. Impact of the Conversion of citrus plantations to oil palm plantations. Journal La Lifesci. 2 (2): 14–23. DOI: 10.37899/journallalifesci.v2i2.374.
Suparman S, Pujiastuti Y, Bando H, Asano S. 2014. Serial dilution of nettle caterpillar viruses applied as bioinsecticide against setothosea asigna van Eecke (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae) the important pest of oil palm. Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies. 1 (2): 136–140. DOI:10.12720/joaat.1.2.136-140.
Yanti R, Mauliani N, Yulianingsih K, Claudia NF, Abrar CAM, Haryono A, Savitri S. 2023. The diversity of insects in polyculture farms, Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Inornatus: Biology Education Journal. 3 (1): 1–13. DOI: 10.30862/inornatus.v3i1.376.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Rizki Putri Amelia, Chandra Irsan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.