The Application of Chicken Manure and NPK Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Shallot Plant in Tidal Land of Banyuasin Regency
Keywords:chicken manure, shallot, tidal land
The aim of the study was to obtain proper technique for cultivating shallots of Bima Brebes variety through the use of chicken manure and NPK fertilizer on tidal land. The research was located on tidal land in Sukatani Village, Tanjung Lago District, Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatra Province, located at a position of 1.30° – 4.0° South Latitude and 104° 00' – 105° 35' East Longitude. The study used a randomized block design with one treatment factor and three replicates. The treatment was the dose of organic chicken manure with 5 levels, namely P0 = no chicken manure; P1 = 10 tons of manure per hectare; P2 = 15 tons of manure per hectare; P3 = 20 tons of manure per hectare; P4 = 25 tons of manure manure per hectare. Each treatment was mixed with NPK fertilizer at a dose of 200 kg NPK ha-1 (M). Data analysis was carried out by analysis of variance using F test and least significance difference (LSD) test. The variables observed were leaf length, leaf number, plant dry weight, specific leaf area, specific leaf weight, root-shoot ratio, relative growth rate, net assimilation rate, bulb fresh weight, bulb number, bulb diameter, bulb dry weight, and percentage of bulb shrinkage. The results showed that the use of chicken manure 10 tons/ha and 200 kg NPK/ha affected the growth of shallots on leaf length, root-shoot ratio, relative growth rate, bulb fresh weight and bulb dry weight. It was then concluded that it can increase the growth and yield of shallots of Bima Brebes variety on tidal land.
Arifin M, Mujoko T. 2019. Application of biological organic fertilizers towards P dosage reduction in shallot cultivation. In: Proceeding 4th International Seminar of Research Month. NST Proceedings. p 290–296. DOI: 10.11594/nstp.2019.0441.
Ali A, Danje ME, Essilfie, Asiedu EK. 2019. Growth and yield response of two onion (Allium cepa L.) varieties to organic and inorganic fertilizers in the Forest- Savannah Transitional Zone of Ghana. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research. 4 (4): 1–14. DOI: 10.9734/ajahr/2019/v4i430028.
Alkharpotly AA. 2018. Growth and yield responses of sweet pepper (Capsicum annum L.) to organic and NPK mineral fertilization under plastic houses conditions at arid regions. J. Plant Production. 9 (3): 299–305. DOI:10.21608/jpp.2018.35501.
Arsyad DM, Saidi BB, Enrizal. 2014. Agricultural innovation development in tidal swampland in supporting food sovereignty. Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian. 7 (4): 169–176. DOI: 10.5219/1287.
Astuti K, Susilawati, Sefrila M. 2018. Growth characteristics of shallot on various planting media composition. J.Hort Indonesia. 9 (3): 167–173. DOI: 10.29244/jhi.9.3. 167-173.
Basuki RS, Khaririyatun N, Sembiring A, Arsanti IW. 2017. Adoption study of “Bima Brebes” shallot from IVEGRI in Brebes District. Journal of Horticulture. 27 (2): 261–268. DOI: 10.21082/jhort.v27n2.2017.p261-268.
Indonesian Statistic 2020. Central Statistic Agency. 2020. Sub directorate of Publication and Statistic Compilation, Central Statistical Agency. Jakarta.
Dani U, Budiarti ANS, Wijaya AA. 2021. Application of Chicken manure Dosage and Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacetria on the Growth and Yield of Shallot Plants (Allium ascalonicum L.). IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 748 (2021) 012044. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/748/1/012044.
Dapaah HK, Koranteng JGA, Darkwah K, Borketey-La EB. 2014. Influence of poultry manure and NPK fertilization on growth, yield and storability of onion (Allium cepa L.) grown under rain-fed conditions. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 4 (8): 866–878. DOI: 10.9734/AJEA/2014/7526.
Dou L, Komatsuzaki M, Nakagawa M. 2014. Effects of biochar, mokusakueki and bokashi application on soil nutrients, yields and qualities of sweet potato. J. Agriculture Science and Soil Science. 2: 318–327.
Faladun E, Ehigiator J, Egharevba R. 2015.Growth and yield of onion as influenced by organic and inorganic fertilizer in Edo rainforest of Nigeria. Agro-Science. 12 (3):15. DOI: 10.4314/as.v12i3.3.
Gateri MW, Nyankanga R, Ambuko J, Muriuki AW. 2018. Growth, Yield and Quality of Onion (Allium cepa L.) as Influenced by Nitrogen and Time of Topdressing. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science. 23 (3): 1–13. DOI: 10.9734/IJPSS/2018/42135.
Gebretsadik K, Dechassa N. 2018. Response of Onion (Allium cepa L.) to nitrogen fertilizer rates and spacing under rain fed condition at Tahtay Koraro, Ethiopia. Scientific REPOrTS | (2018) 8:9495 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-27762-x 8: 8 pages
Husen E, Agus F, Nursyamsi D. 2015. Indonesian Agricultural Natural Resources: Coverage Area, Distribution, and Availability Potency. IAARD PRESS. Agricultural Research and Development Agency.
Irianto, Yakup, Harun MU, Susilawati. 2017. Growth and yield characteristics of three shallot varieties affected by phosphate fertilizer dosages on ultisol. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio Economic Sciences. 5 (65): 245–254. DOI 10.18551/rjoas.
Santosa M, Suryanto A, Maghfoer MD. 2015. Application of biourine on growth and yield of shallot fertilized with inorganic and organic fertilizer in Batu, East Java. AGRIVITA. 37 (3): 290–296. DOI: 10.17503/Agrivita-2015-37-3-p290-295.
Sumarni N, Rosliani R, Basuki RS. 2012. Growth response, yield and NPK nutrient absorption of shallot on several doses of NPK fertilizer in alluvial soil. J.Hort. 22 (4): 366–375. DOI: 10.21082/jhort.v22n4.2012.p366-375.
Susilawati, Ammar M, Mu’arif. 2018a. The composition od growing media on growth and yield of shallot (Allium cepa L.). In: Proceeding of National Seminar on Suboptimal Land. October 18-19, 2018, Palembang. p.93–102.
Susilawati, Ammar M, Kurnianingsih A, Irmawati, Adhistia Y, Yuniar F. 2018b. The Correlation Between Growth Characters and Yield of Shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) due to the Application of Nitrogen, Phosphate and Potassium Fertilizers. Russian Journal Of Agricultural and Socio Economic Sciences. 9 (81): 502–509. DOI: 10.18551/rjoas.2018-09-62
Suwandi, Sopha GA, Yufdy MP. 2015. The effectiveness of organic fertilizer, npk, and biofertilizer managements on growth and yields of shallots. Jurnal Hortikultura. 25: 208–221. DOI: 10.21082/jhort.v25n3.2015.p208-221.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Susilawati Susilawati, Irmawati Irmawati, Sri Sukarmi, Muhammad Ammar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.