The Main Disease and its Attacks in the Generative Phase of Maize (Zea Mays L) in the Freshwater Swamps of South Sumatra

Authors

  • Harman Hamidson Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sriwijaya,
  • Riski Anwar Efendi Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sriwijaya,

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36706/jlso.10.2.2021.540

Keywords:

freshwater swamps, leaf rust, leaf blight

Abstract

In South Sumatra, the ​​freshwater swamps is 157,846 hectares, with this wide freshwater swamps, it can be used for crops food  cultivation, one of which is maize. The purpose of this study was to provide information on the identification and attack of maize disease in freshwater swamps of South Sumatra. The research method was purposive sampling. The results of the study identification that the symptoms of maize leaf rust attack, seen from the physiology of maize leaves, were the lumps or pustules of orange color such as rust and the symptoms of maize leaf blight seen from the physiology of maize leaves, were small oval brownish lines like burning leaves. The leaf rust disease had an attack rate of 90% and the maize leaf blight reached 98%. Based on the results of this study, the main disease of maize attacking in the generative phase was the leaf rust (Puccinia polysora) and maize leaf blight (Bipolaris maydis).


Abstract viewed = 20 times

References

Asputri NU, Aini LQALA. 2013. The effect of pyraclostrobin application on the cause of downy mildew in five varieties of maize (Zea Mays). Journal HPT. 1 (3): 77–84.

Haris A, Tenrirawe. 2015. Response of several varieties to major disease. Journal Agrotan. 1 (1): 67-78.

Galib R. 2010. Potential of corn farming in lebak swamp lands, South Kalimantan. In: Proceedings of the National Serealla Week. p. 526–531.

Hamidson H, Suwandi S. 2019. Development of several corn leaf diseases caused by fungi in Indralaya Utara district, Ogan Ilir regency. p. 978–979.

Helmi. 2015. Increasing Productivity of lowland swamp rice through the use of superior varieties of swamp rice. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2 (2): 78–92.

Hendrayana F. 2020. Resistance of some varieties of hybrid corn against some important diseases. Agriovet. 3 (1): 26–37.

Herlinda S, Sandi S. 2017. Local wisdom in managing crops, livestock, and fish in suboptimal wetlands. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar Lahan Suboptimal 2017, Palembang 19-20 October 2017 "Development of Agricultural Science and Technology with Local Farmers for Optimization of Suboptimal Land", (Ristekdikti 2016). p. 87–103.

Khairiyah, Khadijah S, Iqbal M. 2013. Growth and yield of three varieties of sweet maize (Zea mays saccharata sturt) against various doses of biological organic fertilizers in lowland swamps, Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. 53(9): 1689–1699.

Khodijah N. 2015. Relatedness of climate change and rice productivity in south sumatera tidal swamp areas. Enviagro-Jurnal Pertanian dan Linkungan. 8(2): 83–91.

Latifahani N, Cholil A, Djauhari S. 2014. ‘Resistance of several varieties of maize (Zea Mays L.) Against blight attack (Exserohilum turcicum pass. Leonard et sugss.). Journal of Plant Pests and Diseases. 2 (1): 52–60.

Pakki S. 2015. Epidemiology and control of leaf spot disease. Journal of Agricultural Research and Development. 24 (3): 101–108.

Pakki S. 2016. Bionomy of rust disease (Puccinia polysora) in maize and its control with resistant varieties and fungicides. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Agricultural Technology Innovation. p. 810–817.

Purwanto DS, Nirwanto H, Wiyatiningsih S. 2016. Plant Disease epidemic model: relationship of environmental factors to infection rate and distribution pattern of downy mildew (Peronosclerospora maydis) in corn in Jombang District. Plumula. 5 (2): 138–152.

Puspawati NM, Sudarma IM. 2016. Epidemiology of rust in corn (Zea mays L.) in south Denpasar. Agrotrop: Journal on Agriculture Science. 6 (2):117–127.

Saputra R. 2019. The relationship between leaf tissue characteristics and the level of resistance to leaf rust disease (Puccinia polysora) in several varieties of shelled maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. 53 (9): 1689–1699.

Sarwani M. 2013. Characteristics and potential of sub-optimal land for agricultural development in Indonesia. Journal of Land Resources. 7 (1): 47–55.

Silitonga PY. 2018. Analysis of the efficiency of maize farming on dry land through the application of integrated crop management (PTT) in the province of West Java. Agricultural Informatics. 25 (2): 199.

Soenartiningsih, Fatmawati, Adnan AM. 2013. Identification of major diseases of sorghum and maize in Central Sulawesi. In: Proceedings Sereala National Seminar. p. 420–432.

Subagyo H. 2012. Characteristics and management of lowland swamps, research and development center for agricultural land resources. Bogor: IAARD Press.

Sumarno J, Hiola FSI. 2017. Socio-economic factors affecting the adoption of integrated crop management (Ptt) corn in Gorontalo. Agricultural Informatics. 26 (2): 99.

Syafruddin S, Nurhayati N, Wati R. 2012. The effect of the type of fertilizer on the growth and yield of several sweet corn varieties. Floratek Journal. p. 107–114.

Talanca AH. 2013. The status of downy mildew in maize and its control. Research Institute for Cereals . p. 76–87.

Yasin M. 2013. The study on corn development in lebak swamp lands in South Kalimantan. In: Proceedings National Seminar on Cereals. p. 339–352.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-01

How to Cite

Hamidson, H., & Efendi, R. A. . (2021). The Main Disease and its Attacks in the Generative Phase of Maize (Zea Mays L) in the Freshwater Swamps of South Sumatra. Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands, 10(2), 195–201. https://doi.org/10.36706/jlso.10.2.2021.540

Issue

Section

Articles