Development Model of Food Crop in Suboptimal Area Based on Farmers Corporation in Ogan Ilir Regency, South Sumatra
Keywords:farmer corporation, food crop area, food crop
This research was conducted based on the condition of fulfilling the food needs of the region, which was currently not being carried out with the distribution pattern and weak institutional Strengtening at the farmer level, so that its utilization was not yet efficient in exploitation especially on suboptimal land. Based on this, the main objective of this study was to formulate a model for the development of food crop agricultural areas on suboptimal land oriented to farmer corporations. This research used qualitative methods but the relevant mathematical formulas were still used. From the result of the analysis, an applicative program for the development of agricultural areas based on farmer corporation in Ogan Ilir Regency was compiled, which was based on a political, technocratic approach, integration of top down policy-bottom up planning and participatory. The recommended program group was divided into programs for optimizing the availability of production inputs, developing rice cultivation and supporting infrastructure, controlling pests and diseases of rice plants, improving and empowering farmer institutions, improving and increasing farmers' knowledge and skills, improving harvest and post-harvest, improving marketing, improvement of supporting infrastructure, and development of capital. The location for the development and implementation of the program was focused on the districts of Muara Kuang, Pemulutan, Lubuk Keliat, Indralaya and Pemulutan Selatan.
Arifien M, Fafurida V, Noekent. 2012. Development planning based on food crop agriculture in efforts to overcome poverty problems. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan. 13 (2): 288−302.
Central Bureau of Statistics of South Sumatra Province. 2020. South Sumatra in Figures of 2020. Central Statistics Agency of South Sumatra Province.
Effendy L, Mustofa R. 2020. Farmers 'institutional development models towards farmers' economic institutions in Sindangkasih Ciamis district. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan. 6 (1): 38−47.
Faizah AA, Eko BS. 2013. Directions for the development of food crops agricultural areas in Sampang regency. Jurnal Teknik Pomits. 2 (2). DOI: 10.12962/j23373539.v2i2.3926.
Gultom IA, Ayu KP, Yanuarius YD, Achmad S. 2020. Corporate based agricultural sector planning analysis. Jurnal Bisnis, Manajemen dan Sumberdaya Manusia. 9 (2):1411−4186.
Iyan R. 2014. Analysis of the leading commodities of the agricultural sector in the Sumatra region. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pembangunan. 4 (11).
Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture. 2018. Guidelines for the development of farmers' corporations-based agricultural areas. Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta.
Laili EF, Herman CD. 2018. Development of food crop based agricultural areas in Wuluhan district, Jember regency. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning. 2 (3): 209−217. DOI: 10.29244/jp2wd.2018.2.3.209-217.
Muara Enim Regency Investment Service and One Stop Integrated Services. 2018. Study on the Leading Potential of Food Crops Sub-Sector. Muara Enim Regency Investment Service and One Stop Integrated Services.
Octavia Z, Darwanto DH, Hartono S. 2015. Leading agricultural sector in South Sumatra. Jurnal Agraris. 1 (2). DOI: 10.18196/agr.129.
Pantouw CE, Poluan RJ, Octavianus H AR. 2018. Analysis of rurukan agropolitan area development in Tomohon. Jurnal Spasial. 5 (3).
Pissourios IA. 2014. Top-down and bottom-up urban and regional planning: towards a framework for the use of planning standards. European Spatial Research And Policy. 21. DOI: 110.2478/esrp-2014-0007.
Prayoga K. 2016. Peat land management based on local wisdom in Kalimantan island. In: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Basah Tahun 2016. Jilid 3: 1016-1022 ISBN 978-602-6483-40-9.
Prasetyo T, Setyani C. 2020. Development of Rice Farming Areas Based on Farmer Corporations in Central Java. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Readiness of Agricultural Resources and Location-Specific Innovations Entering the Industrial Era 4.0 T.
Rahmi O, Robiyanto HS, Ari S. 2015. The integrated lowland management in Mulia Sari, Tanjung Lago subdistrict, Banyuasin regency. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia (JIPI). 20 (3). DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.3.201
Ratmini S, Herwenita. 2014. Increasing income of rice farmers through integrated crop management approaches in Lebak land, Ogan Ilir regency, South Sumatra. Jurnal Penelitian Universitas Jambi Seri Sains. 16 (1): 45−52.
Ramdhani H, Soni AN, Muhammad F. 2015. Increasing farmer welfare with strengthening farmer groups development of rice farming areas based on farmer corporations in Central Java. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on the Readiness of Agricultural Resources and Location-Specific Innovations Entering the Industrial Era 4.0 T. Prosiding Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. 2 (3): (2015).
Sugiyono. 2019. Quantitative, qualitative and R & D research methods. Alfabeta, Jakarta.
Suryani S, Sitorus SRP, Sudadi U. 2020. Study on the development of commodity-based food crops agricultural land in Pinrang regency, South Sulawesi. Journal of the region and the environment study on the development of commodity-based food crops agricultural land in Pinrang regency, South Sulawesi. Journal of the Region and the Environment. 8 (2): 147−160. DOI: 10.14710/jwl.8.2.147-160.
Winarso B. 2013. Policy of development foodstuffs commodity support master plan program for acceleration and expansion of Indonesia’s economic development (MP3EI) case studies in Gorontalo province. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan. 13 (2): 85−102.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal: Journal of Suboptimal Lands article's license is CC-BY-SA 4.0.Â This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon author's work, even commercially, as long as they credit the original creation.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution License-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA 4.0) licenseÂ that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).