Suitability of Tidal Swamp for Rubber Plantation in Three Villages of Ex Rice Mega Project, Pulang Pisau Regency, Central Kalimantan Province
Keywords:Hevea brasiliensis, tidal swamp, Central Kalimantan
Firmansyah et al. 2012. Suitability of Tidal Swamp for Rubber Plantation in Three Villages of Ex Rice Mega Project, Pulang Pisau Regency, Central Kalimantan Province. JLSO 1(2):149-157.
Since 1920, tidal swamp has been widely developed for rubber plantation. Land rehabilitation of ex Mega Rice Project has attracted local community to cultivate the land for rubber plantation. The purpose of this research was to determine land suitability classification for rubber in tidal lowland areas located in three villages (Anjir Pulpis, Jabiren, and Sigi) in Pulang Pisau Regency wherein several types of soil were found, namely Sulfaquept, Endoaquepts, Dystrudept, and Haplohemist. The results indicated that there were several limiting factors to rubber plantation in tidal lowland, i.e. rooting condition, toxicity, nutrient retention, and peat land fire hazard. Actual land suitability classification felt into not suitable (N1) except Dystrudept of Jabiren which was classified as marginally suitable (S3). Improvements to overcome these limiting factors were required up to medium-high level. Low improvement level might not enhance land suitability class. Medium improvement level enhanced marginally suitable (S3) to moderately suitable (S2). Whilst, for high management level, it could enhance moderately suitable (S2) to highly suitable (S1). However, the development of tidal lowland for rubber plantation needed support from the government, especially the costly improvement of poor drainage system.
How to Cite
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal: Journal of Suboptimal Lands article's license is CC-BY-SA 4.0.Â This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon author's work, even commercially, as long as they credit the original creation.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution License-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA 4.0) licenseÂ that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).