Biology of Pentalonia nigronervosa and Its Efficiency as a Vector of Banana Bunchy Top Virus After Being Bred in Rat Taro (Typhonium flagelliforme)
Keywords:P. nigronervosa, BBTV, banana, rat taro
P. nigronervosa is an insect that acts as a vector of the Banana Bunchy Top Virus causing the affected banana to become stunted and even fruitless. This study aimed to find out the biology of P. nigronervosa in rat taro as well as its ability or efficiency in the transmission of BBTV disease in bananas after being treated. The study was experimenta, trying to find out the efficiency of BBTV transmission by P. nigronervosa after being transmitted to the plant of rat taro (T. flagelliforme) with the variables of observation and the taking of biological data of Pentalonia nigronervosa in the rat taro plant, Observation of the development of BBTV disease in banana plants inoculated from the first symptoms until the typical phenomenon of bunchy top was formed. Biology of P. nigronervosa in rat taro. Each stage of the four color instars and The size of the nymph of P. nigronervosa changed. When entering the first brownish-white instar with a length of 0.61 to 0.69 mm, in the 2nd instar it was light brown with a length of 0.71 to 0.83 mm, then in the 3rd instar it was reddish brown with an average length of 0.87 mm, and in the 4th instar it was blackish brown with an average body length of 1.31 mm. The imago color was still blackish brown, and in this phase it usually had wings, but in the treatment of the imago rat taro plant, it had no wings, and the average body length was 1.43 mm. In the field tests, the rat taro plants could not inhibit the spread of BBTV disease but could be an alternative host for P. nigronervosa ticks.
Bagariang W, Hidayat P, Hidayat SH. 2019. Morphometric analysis and host range of the genus pentalonia coquerel (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Infesting Banana in Java. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia. 23 (2): 171-178. DOI: 10.22146/jpti.38220.
Basak G, Banerjee A, Bandyopadhyay B. 2015. Studies on Some Bio-Ecological Aspects and Varietal Preference of Banana Aphid, Pentalonia Nigronervosa Coquerel (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Journal Crop and Weed. 11 (2): 181–186.
CHABI, Modeste, Anicet GD, Hubert AS, Bonaventure OAO. 2022. Variation in symptom development and infectivity of the banana bunchy top disease on four varieties of Musa Sp. 1–23.
Chakraborty S, Mritunjoy B, Snigdha S, Moupiya R, Jayanta T. 2021. Effect of Banana Bunchy Top Virus on the Heat Shock Protein Genes of Pentalonia Nigronervosa during Temperature Susceptibility and Its Effect on Virus Transmission. Agronomy. 11 (9): 1-14. DOI: 10.3390/agronomy11091866.
Damasco, Olivia P, Fe M Del Cueva, Jonathan CD, Ryan RPT. 2020. Gamma Radiation and In Vitro Induced Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV) Resistant Mutant Lines of Banana Cv ‘Lakatan’ (Musa Sp., AA). Philippine Journal of Science. 149 (Special Issue 1):159–173. DOI: 10.56899/149.s1.19.
Efendi RA, Suparman SHK, Hamidson H. 2022. Biology of Pentalonia Nigronervosa Coquerel on Various Zingiberaceous Crops. BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal. 8 (2): 118–129. DOI: 10.24233/biov.8.2.2022.308.
Erawan, Suharmana T, Hidayat RA, Iskandar J. 2019. Etnobotanical Study on Banana in Karangwangi Village, Cianjur District, West Java. Jurnal Biodjati. 4 (1): 112–25. DOI: 10.15575/biodjati.v4i1.2954.
Halbert, Susan E, Carlye AB. 2015. Banana Bunchy Top Virus and Its Vector Pentalonia Nigronervosa (Hemiptera : Aphididae) 1. Pathology Circular. 417 (417).
Poorani J, Mohanasundaram A, Thanigairaj R. 2022. Natural Enemies of Pentalonia Nigronervosa Coquerel, a Vector of Bunchy Top of Banana and Biology of Its Most Effective Predator Scymnus Nubilus Mulsant. Indian Journal of Entomology. 1–4. DOI: 10.55446/ije.2021.377.
Jebakumar, Manohar R, Balasubramanian V, Selvarajan V. 2018. Virus Titre Determines the Efficiency of Pentalonia Nigronervosa (Aphididae: Hemiptera) to Transmit Banana Bunchy Top Virus. VirusDisease. 29 (4): 499–505. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220321.
Jekayinoluwa, Temitope, Tripathi L, Tripathi JN, Ntui VO, Obiero G, Muge E, Dale J. 2020. RNAi Technology for Management of Banana Bunchy Top Disease. Food and Energy Security. 9 (4): 1–15. DOI: 10.1002/fes3.247.
Latifah, Hidayat SH, Mutaqin KH, Widodo, Sutanto A. 2021. Survey of Banana Bunchy Top Virus on Non-Cultivated Bananas in West Java. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 694 (1).
Leunufna, Semuel, Woltering E, Hogeveen- vEE, Van dWJ. 2019. Inventory on Banana (Musa Spp.) as Trading Commodities in Maluku Islands, Indonesia. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 14 (33): 1693–1712. DOI: 10.5897/ajar2018.13541.
Mathers, Thomas C, Mugford ST, Hogenhout SA, Tripathi L. 2020. Genome Sequence of the Banana Aphid, Pentalonia Nigronervosa Coquerel (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Its Symbionts. G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. 10 (12): 4315–4321. DOI: 10.1534/g3.120.401358.
Pinili, Marita SP, Agashima IN, Izon TOD, Atsuaki KTN. 2013. Cross-transmission and new alternate hosts of banana bunchy top virus. Tropical Agriculture and Development. 57 (1): 1–7. DOI: 10.1002/fes3.247.
Qazi J. 2016. Banana Bunchy Top Virus and the Bunchy Top Disease. Journal of General Plant Pathology. 82 (1): 2–11. DOI: 10.1007/s10327-015-0642-7.
Rahayuniati, Feti R, Hartono S, Somowiyarjo S, Subandiyah S, Thomas JE. 2021a. Characterization of banana bunchy top virus on Sumatra (Indonesia) Wild Banana. Biodiversitas. 22 (3): 1243–1249. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220321.
Rahayuniati, Feti R, Subandiyah S, Hartono S, Somowiyarjo S, Kurniawan REK, Prakoso AB, Crew K, Vance ME, Ray JD, Thomas JE. 2021b. Recent distribution and diversity analysis on banana bunchy top virus of banana and alternative host in Indonesia. Tropical Plant Pathology. 46 (5): 506–517. DOI: 10.1007/s40858-021-00443-3.
Rahmah S, Maryana N, Hidayat P. 2021. Host preference of pentalonia nigronervosa coquerel and P. Caladii van Der Goot (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Various Host Plants. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 694 (1). DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/694/1/012050.
Tricahyati T, Suparman S, Irsan C. 2022a. Natural enemies of pentalonia nigronervosa, vector of banana bunchy top virus. Biodiversitas. 23 (7): 3675–3684. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d230745.
Tricahyati T, Suparman S, Irsan C. 2022b. Effect of mortality of banana bunchy top virus inoculum sources on its transmission efficiency. Sainmatika: Jurnal Ilmiah Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam. 19 (1): 55. DOI: 10.31851/sainmatika.v19i1.7977.
Watanabe S, Bressan A. 2013b. Tropism, compartmentalization and retention of banana bunchy top virus (Nanoviridae) in the Aphid Vector Pentalonia Nigronervosa. Journal of General Virology. 94 (PART11): 209–219. DOI: 10.1099/vir.0.047308-0.
Watanabe, Shizu, Greenwell AM, Bressan A. 2013a. Localization, concentration, and transmission efficiency of banana bunchy top virus in four asexual lineages of pentalonia aphids. Viruses. 5 (2): 758–776. DOI: 10.3390/v5020758.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Yunanda Audri Balqis, Bambang Gunawan, Suparman SHK
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.