Study on Water Quality of Some Tributaries in Palembang City
Keywords:river water quality, river status, pollution index
The results of monitoring the water quality of Sekanak, Bendung, and Ogan river at some point have exceeded the quality standards referring Class II Water Quality Standards in accordance with Government Regulation of Indonesian Republic Number 22 of 2021. To find out the level of water pollution and water quality in the river, it is necessary to calculate the water status and water quality indeks. The purpose of study was to evaluate the water quality status and water quality index of the Sekanak, Bendung and Ogan Rivers. Calculation of water quality status used the Nemerow and Sumitomo Pollution Index method with parameters pH, DO, BOD, COD, TSS, Nitrate, Phosphate, and Fecal Coli and calculation of water quality index in accordance with the Regulation of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Indonesian Republic Number 27 of 2021. The highest concentration of BOD and COD were in Sekanak river at low tide with a value of 9.51 mg/l and 41.36 mg/l. The pollution index was in the range of 0.75 to 2.47 with a meeting quality standars status up to mildly pollutants. Water quality indexs at Sekanak, Bendung and Ogan river in 2020 - 2022 were in the moderate category, except at Ogan river in 2021 was in a good category. From statistical analysis there were correlation between BOD and COD at the Sekanak, Bendung and Ogan River and the most significant parameters on the pollution index for Sekanak and Bendung River were Phosphate and for Ogan River was BOD.
Al-Othman AA. 2019. Evaluation of the suitability of surface water from Riyadh Mainstream Saudi Arabia for a variety of uses. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. 12 (8): 2104–2110. DOI: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2015.01.001.
Amneera WA. 2013. Water quality index of Perlis River, Malaysia. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering. 13 (2): 1–6.
Bhutiani R. 2018. Evaluation of water quality of River Malin using water quality index (WQI) at Najibabad, Bijnor (UP) India. Environment Conservation Journal. 19 (1 & 2): 191–201. DOI: 10.36953/ecj.2018.191228.
Edward. 2021. Prediction of sediment quality based on the concentration of heavy metals Cu, Zn, and Ni in Jakarta Bay using the index analysis approach. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 777 (1). DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/777/1/012031.
Elvania NC, Afandhi A, Afiyanti M. 2019. Evaluation and assessment of water quality index: a case study in Kalitidu River, Bojonegoro. Jurnal Pembangunan dan Alam Lestari (J-PAI). 10 (2): 92–100. DOI: 10.21776/ub.jpal.2019.010.02.03.
Fahimah N, Oginawati K, Suharyanto S. 2020. Fate and spatial distribution of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn in the water column and in the surface sediment of Indonesian Estuary (Citarum River Estuary). E3S Web of Conferences. 148: 07007. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202014807007.
Gazali H, Riani E, Kurniawan B. 2017. Regular desludging: Reconnecta missing chain in on-site system of Depok city. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 12 (9): 2999–3005.
Harefa N, Gulo A, Silaban S. 2021. Analysis of BOD and COD levels for home industry wastewater: A case study in a sewage streams’, Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia (JPKIM). 13 (1): 38–47. DOI: 10.24114/JPKIM.V13I1.24142.
Hendriarianti E, Wulandari CD, Novitasari E. 2017. River water quality performance from carbondeoxygenation rate. International Journal of Engineering and Management (IJEM). 1 (1): 28–34.
Hossain MA, Sujaul IM, Nasly MA. 2013. Water Quality Index: an Indicator of Surface Water Pollution in Eastern part of Peninsular Malaysia. Research Journal of Recent Sciences. Available at: www.isca.me.
Jantama WU, Ondara K. 2017. Total Suspended Solid (TSS) Distributed by Tidal Currents during Low to High Tide Phase in the Waters of Sayung, Demak: Its Relations to Water Quality Parameters. Journal of Marine and Aquatic Sciences.
Karolina A, Ardelia V, Ridho MR. 2022. Water quality analysis at Komering River Kayuagung City Ogan Komering Ilir Regency. in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. IOP Publishing Ltd. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/995/1/012011.
Mailisa ER, Warsito B, Yulianto B. 2021. Strategi Peningkatan Kualitas Air Sungai: Studi Kasus Sungai Sani. Jurnal Litbang: Media Informasi Penelitian, Pengembangan dan IPTEK. 17 (2): 101–114. DOI: 10.33658/jl.v17i2.268.
Martinus Y, Astono W, Hendrawan D. 2018. Water quality study of Sunter River in Jakarta, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 106 (1): 12022. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/106/1/012022.
Muliawan MA, Kusumadewi RA, Fachrul MF. 2022. Analysis of Contaminant Load Capacity of Nitrate and Phosphate in Krukut River. Journal of Community Based Environmental Engineering and Management. 6 (2): 65–72. DOI: 10.23969/jcbeem.v6i2.5993.
Naubi I. 2016. Effectiveness of water quality index for monitoring Malaysian river water quality. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 25 (1): 231–239. DOI: 10.15244/pjoes/60109.
Pongoh A, Putra F, Soemarno S. 2021. The study of river water quality in water pollution control: case study of Talawaan River, North Minahasa District, North Sulawesi Province. Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability. 5. DOI: 10.26554/ijems.2021.5.2.72-80.
Rahmatillah, Meilina H, Ramli I. 2021. Water quality index and the sediment criteria due to anthropogenic activity in West Aceh District, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 922 (1). DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/922/1/012042.
Regulation of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry Number 27 of 2021 (2021). Regulation of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry Number 27 of 2021.
Said RM, Azmiyati U. 2022. Pollution Index Analysis and Water Pollution Control Strategy in Berenyok River, Tanjung Karang, Mataram City. Jurnal Presipitasi : Media Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Teknik Lingkungan. 19 (2): 408–416. DOI: 10.14710/PRESIPITASI.V19I2.408-416.
Sharma R. 2020. Analysis of Water Pollution Using Different Physicochemical Parameters: A Study of Yamuna River. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 8 (December): 1–18. DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2020.581591.
Zhang L. 2017. Different methods for the evaluation of surface water quality: The case of the Liao River, Liaoning province, China. International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development. 5 (4): 4–18. DOI: 10.14246/irspsd.5.4_4.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Heni Kurniawati
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.